With a changing look and preferences, there is adaption. Every individual adapt differently to a changing situation. One of the most positive things about aging should be the “quiet mind principle”. This principle suggests that while aging the emotional stress factors are better solved, more carefully weighted and timing between observation and reaction has widened.
With aging the adaption, visualization and realization of goals/target should change. While society is changing these three factors also change. Male and female want to look as young as possible and dress and behave accordingly with an equally changing demand on looks and personal preferences. These factors underwent a strong change in recent decades. Male and female are no longer focused on single partners and age differences are no barrier to sexual oriented relationships.
Knowing what is changing during the aging process is important and science wants to know what is possible to avoid the negative effects of the process on our look and skin. Marketing of thousands of “superior” products make it hard to find the right product. For research purpose this selection of products is divided into the following schedule;
It is possible to distinguish the following skin types-
|Normal skin||The easiest detection is the size of the pores. This is a genetic issue and cannot be influenced by any treatment. At a normal skin, the pores are visible with the eye just by looking in the mirror. When washing the skin with water it recovers fast and gives a flexible tension when stretching it between the fingers. Taken between the fingers the skin has around 1 cm in size.|
|Oily skin||Enlarged pores, also visible from a distance. When washing it with water there is a need for at least warm water to get the skin smooth. Before washing the skin gives a little or more light reflection when shining on it. The way it reflects the light tells the severity of the oil on the skin. After washing the skin feels a little tight and often thigh. Often this is a thicker skin type sizing 1,5 cm between the fingers|
|Dry skin||Pores are hardly or not easily visible from any distance. When washing the skin it feels very tight and it takes some time to become more flexible. Dry skin is often a thin skin. Measured between the fingers less than 1 cm and for extreme thin less than 0,5 cm.|
|Combination||Most people have a combined skin mix of above mentioned with a variation over the body|
After establishing the skin type a skin condition should be made, here are the most used ways:
|Hyperpigmentation||Many forms of hyperpigmentation are caused by an excess production of melanin, can be caused by sun damage, inflammation, or other skin injuries, darker skin tones are more prone to hyperpigmentation, especially with excess sun exposure. Melanin itself is a polymer that comes in two types — a red-yellow form known as pheomelanin and a black-brown form known as eumelanin.|
|Skin texture||This is the way the skin feels, it is a person perception|
|Skin coloration (redness)||The color of skin which is complexly determined. Skin color depends on many factors including reddening caused by inflammation, the hemoglobin level in the blood, and the darkening caused by increased deposition of the pigment melanin.|
|Sensitivity||a skin condition in which skin is prone to itching and irritation experienced as a subjective sensation|
|Scaring||a mark remaining after the healing of a wound, such as one caused by injury, illness, smallpox vaccination, or surgery. Beneath the skin is subcutaneous tissue, composed of fibroblasts, which after injury are stimulated to grow into granulation tissue, connecting the edges of the wound together. Scar tissue is formed by dense masses of granulation tissue. In some cases, scar tissue grows excessively, forming smooth, hard growths called keloids. Keloids can be much larger than the original wound. They’re most commonly found on the chest, shoulders, earlobes, and cheeks. However, keloids can affect any part of the body. Although keloids aren’t harmful to your health, they may create cosmetic concerns|
|Fine lines & Wrinkles||A wrinkle, also known as a rhytide, is a fold, ridge or crease in the skin. Wrinkles occur due to habitual sleeping positions, loss of body mass, or temporarily, as the result of prolonged immersion in water. Age wrinkling in the skin is developed by habitual facial expressions, aging, sun damage, smoking, poor hydration, and various other factors. Each time you use a facial muscle, a groove forms beneath the surface of the skin. And as skin ages, it loses its flexibility and is no longer able to jump back in place. These grooves then become permanent features on your face.|
|Deeper lines or furrows are classified as dynamic or static. Dynamic lines appear with movement i.e. the activity of facial muscles. Static lines are unchanged with muscle movement. Eventually, dynamic lines become static. Crow’s feet around the eyes are due to smiling and activity of the eyelid muscles (orbicularis oculi). Worry lines on the forehead are due to contraction of the frontalis muscle when raising the eyebrows. Frown lines between the eyebrows are due to contraction of corrugator supercilii muscles and procerus muscle when concentrating or angry|
|Sags and bags||Skin laxity or drooping is caused by several factors:
A reduction of the fat cells under the skin (subcutaneous tissue). Loss of collagen and elastin fibers in the dermis reducing cutaneous strength and elasticity. Gravity, which allows the lax tissue to sag.
|Skin color (racial feature)||Skin color is polygenic, determined by a number of genes. These genes include TYR (tyrosinase), MATP (a membrane-associated transport protein) and P (the pink-eyed dilution protein). There may be 20 or so other genes that affect skin color.|
Products available in the market, these products are used for nearly all parts of the body. There are some exceptions which must be treated differently due to its sensitivity.
Another important problem for female occur. Women’s Menstruation’s effects range from breakouts, sensitivity and water retention. Many women have to deal with major fluctuations of the skin and the body during menstruation. Some women have acne breakouts before the period. Often there are cravings for sweet and mood swings of anger or feelings of lethargy. The skin’s sensitivity is heightened at this time.
|Scrub / Exfoliating||Exfoliating scrubs and brushes serve the same basic purpose. Exfoliation removes the upper layers of dry, dead skin cells. Both scrubs and brushes are mechanical, as opposed to chemical exfoliators. After exfoliation, the skin looks refreshed and feels softer. The skin absorbs moisture more easily. Granule size and texture play a part in how scrubs work: Fine granules are suited for sensitive skin; large ones are best on drier skin. Body scrubs employ manual exfoliators (microbeads, sugar or salts) or chemical ones (AHAs, glycolic acids, and fruit enzymes) to eliminate dead cells.|
|Moisturizer||Moisturizers prevent and treat dry skin, can protect sensitive skin, improve skin tone and texture, and mask imperfections.|
|Serum||The serum is a face care product that is a thick liquid. It consists of vitamins and other ingredients that are designed to address problem areas of the facial skin. It contains antioxidants, and its molecular structure is very small, allowing it to reach deep inside our skin and remedy our skin issues such as dark spots, redness, wrinkles, acne, dark circles, etc. These liquid skin care products also contain moisturizers. The main reason serums are used by people is because they can penetrate deep under the skin to reach the layer of skin called dermis. Serums heal our skin from the inside.|
|Day cream||These creams contain UV protection and often environmental protective elements|
|Night cream||Moisturizing, relaxing and collagen/elastin promoting agents for a smoother skin and relaxation of facial muscles|
|Cleanser||Cleaning the skin thoroughly and most of all thoroughly are needed at the use of make-up or related products. Nearly all have a negative influence on the skins natural shape and moisturizing should be applied|
|Lotion||Lotion can be used for cleaning or moisturizing it strongly depend on the content.|
|Micellar water||Expensive cleanser.|
|Toner||The coloring of the skin often used to cover minor between different skin types as mentioned before|
|Mask||These products are made to moisturize, relax the skin and facial muscles but often have more functions such as strong cleaner of skin inequalities and dirt.|
|Oil||Some skin type cannot be cleaned by cleaners with alcoholic or other content with a drying effect. Glycerine and other oils are used for this purpose.|